Posted on February 10, 2021 · Posted in Blog, General, Memo Plus Gold, Personal

People who are high in extroversion tend to seek out social stimulation and opportunities to engage with others. These individuals are often described as being full of life, energy, and positivity. In group situations, extroverts are likely to talk often and assert themselves.

Introverts, on the other hand, are people who are low in extroversion. They tend to be quiet, reserved and less involved in social situations. It is important to note that introversion and shyness are not the same.

Extroverts are often unfairly pegged as overly talkative or attention-seeking. In reality, they simply gain energy from engaging in social interaction. People who are high in extroversion need social stimulation to feel energized. They gain inspiration and excitement from talking and discussing ideas with other people.

Common Extroversion Traits

Extroversion is often marked by a number of different sub-traits, such as:

  • Warmth
  • Novelty and excitement-seeking
  • Gregariousness
  • Assertiveness
  • Cheerfulness
  • Talkativeness
  • Enjoying being the centre of attention
  • Action-oriented
  • Friendly
  • Engaging

Causes of Extroversion

The exact reason why people tend to be more extroverted or more introverted has been the subject of considerable debate and research in psychology. As with many such debates, the question tends to boil down to two key contributors: nature or nurture.

  • Genetics: Extroversion clearly has a strong genetic component. Twin studies suggest that genetics contribute somewhere between 40% and 60% of the variance between extroversion and introversion.
  • Environment: Sibling studies published in 2011 have suggested that individual experiences carry greater weight than do shared experiences in families.

Extroversion and Behaviour

Variability in this trait may be linked to differences in cortical arousal. Extroverts tend to need more external stimulation while introverts tend to become stimulated very easily, according to some researchers.

How does extroversion affect behaviour? Researchers have found that being high in this personality trait is linked to a number of different tendencies. In addition to contributing to personalities, this trait may also play a role in career choices.

According to researchers, extroversion is associated with leadership behaviour. Since extroverts are more likely to assert themselves in groups, it makes sense that they often take on leadership roles when working with other people.

As you might imagine, high levels of extroversion can be particularly well suited to jobs that require a great deal of interaction with other people. Teaching, sales, marketing, public relations, and politics are all jobs in which an extrovert might do well.

How Common Is Extroversion

The researchers suggested that there are two key factors that determine who people become friends with. Extroverts tend to be very sociable, making them more likely to form new friendships than introverts. People also tend to form friendships with people with similar levels of extroversion as themselves.

While extroverts are more likely to become friends with other extroverts, introverts tend to forge relationships with both introverts and extroverts. To extroverts, it seems like most people are also extroverted because that personality trait is overrepresented among their group of friends and acquaintances. Introverts, however, might have a better grasp of the true structure of social networks.

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